The twelve months of 1908 has been memorable for several occurrences. 1908 was documented by NASA as the coldest recorded year since 1880. The year began with the explorer, Ernest Shackleton setting sail in the Nimrod from New Zealand for his exploration of the Antarctica. The purpose of the scientific expedition were to get to the south pole, but Shackleton would not make it happen, however did get several scientific studies on Antarctica undertaken. Upon January 24, Robert Baden-Powell’s book, Scouting for Boys ended up being published in London. The book eventually sold in excess of 100 million copies and ended up being the driver for beginning the global Boy Scout movement. The earliest Scout troop away from the United Kingdom is formed in Gibraltar about March 27th and it grows from there. Starting in February, the 1908 New York to Paris auto competition happens. This car race would be a appreciable challenge especially because of the condition of car engineering at that time and the road system existing back then. Just three of 6 competitors completed the race with the winner to be the American team. At the end of June, there was the so-called Tunguska occurrence or “Russian explosion” occurs near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in , , Russia. It results in trees compressed over a large area. The real reason for it is not well-known, leading fringe movement advocates to claim that it was in all probability aliens. The most almost certainly explanation as outlined by experts, is that it was as a result of the air burst of a large meteor or comet fragment with an height of 5-10 kilometres over the planets surface. The conspiracy theorists don't believe the feasible scientific information.
The 1908 Summer Olympic Games take place in London from July 13 to 25. These Olympics had been at first due to be in Italy in 1906, however needed to be changed to London, UK because of an eruption of Mount Vesuvius resulting in substantial damages and the need to redirect resources from the potential Olympics to fix the damage of the eruption. The runner, Johnny Hayes coming from the United States sets the initial world record for finishing the marathon distance with a time of 2:55:18.4. On October 1, Henry Ford’s Ford Model T automobile is released with an initial price set at US$850. It was normally thought to be the first economical automobile, that opened vehicle travel to the middle class. The comparatively low cost was primarily due to Ford’s groundbreaking successful assembly line manufacturing and fabrication as an alternative to individual handcrafting method of making cars used earlier. Manufacturing of the model finished in 1927. There have been a number of catastrophes in 1908 including the Collinwood school fire near Cleveland, in Ohio which killed 174 people. A railway catastrophe on April 20 in Melbourne, Australia killed 44 people when there was a rear-end accident involving a couple of trains. A typhoon in Hong Kong sinks the passenger steamer Ying King, resulting in 421 deaths in July. On September 17th near Fort Myer in Virginia, USA, Thomas Selfridge has become the initial individual to die in a plane crash. The plane was piloted by Orville Wright who had been seriously injured from the accident but he did recover.